jQuery UI 实例 - 自动完成(Autocomplete)

根据用户输入值进行搜索和过滤,让用户快速找到并从预设值列表中选择。

如需了解更多有关 autocomplete 部件的细节,请查看 API 文档 自动完成部件(Autocomplete Widget)

默认功能

当您在输入域中输入时,自动完成(Autocomplete)部件提供相应的建议。在本实例中,提供了编程语言的建议选项,您可以输入 "ja" 尝试一下,可以得到 Java 或 JavaScript。

数据源是一个简单的 JavaScript 数组,使用 source 选项提供给部件。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 默认功能</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <script>
  $(function() {
    var availableTags = [
      "ActionScript",
      "AppleScript",
      "Asp",
      "BASIC",
      "C",
      "C++",
      "Clojure",
      "COBOL",
      "ColdFusion",
      "Erlang",
      "Fortran",
      "Groovy",
      "Haskell",
      "Java",
      "JavaScript",
      "Lisp",
      "Perl",
      "PHP",
      "Python",
      "Ruby",
      "Scala",
      "Scheme"
    ];
    $( "#tags" ).autocomplete({
      source: availableTags
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="tags">标签:</label>
  <input id="tags">
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

包含重音

autocomplete 域使用自定义的 source 选项来匹配带有重音字符的结果项,即使文本域不包含重音字符也会匹配。但是如果您在文本域中键入了重音字符,则不会显示非重音的结果项。

尝试键入 "Jo",会看到 "John" 和 "Jörn",然后 键入 "Jö",只会看到 "Jörn"。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 包含重音</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <script>
  $(function() {
    var names = [ "Jörn Zaefferer", "Scott González", "John Resig" ];
 
    var accentMap = {
      "á": "a",
      "ö": "o"
    };
    var normalize = function( term ) {
      var ret = "";
      for ( var i = 0; i < term.length; i++ ) {
        ret += accentMap[ term.charAt(i) ] || term.charAt(i);
      }
      return ret;
    };
 
    $( "#developer" ).autocomplete({
      source: function( request, response ) {
        var matcher = new RegExp( $.ui.autocomplete.escapeRegex( request.term ), "i" );
        response( $.grep( names, function( value ) {
          value = value.label || value.value || value;
          return matcher.test( value ) || matcher.test( normalize( value ) );
        }) );
      }
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <form>
  <label for="developer">开发人员:</label>
  <input id="developer">
  </form>
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

分类

分类的搜索结果。尝试键入 "a" 或 "n"。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 分类</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .ui-autocomplete-category {
    font-weight: bold;
    padding: .2em .4em;
    margin: .8em 0 .2em;
    line-height: 1.5;
  }
  </style>
  <script>
  $.widget( "custom.catcomplete", $.ui.autocomplete, {
    _renderMenu: function( ul, items ) {
      var that = this,
        currentCategory = "";
      $.each( items, function( index, item ) {
        if ( item.category != currentCategory ) {
          ul.append( "<li class='ui-autocomplete-category'>" + item.category + "</li>" );
          currentCategory = item.category;
        }
        that._renderItemData( ul, item );
      });
    }
  });
  </script>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    var data = [
      { label: "anders", category: "" },
      { label: "andreas", category: "" },
      { label: "antal", category: "" },
      { label: "annhhx10", category: "Products" },
      { label: "annk K12", category: "Products" },
      { label: "annttop C13", category: "Products" },
      { label: "anders andersson", category: "People" },
      { label: "andreas andersson", category: "People" },
      { label: "andreas johnson", category: "People" }
    ];
 
    $( "#search" ).catcomplete({
      delay: 0,
      source: data
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<label for="search">搜索:</label>
<input id="search">
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

组合框(Combobox)

一个由 Autocomplete 和 Button 创建的自定义部件。您可以键入一些字符,来获得基于您的输入过滤的结果,或者使用按钮从完整列表中选择。

该输入是从一个已有的 select 元素中读取,传递给带有自定义的 source 选项的 Autocomplete。

这是一个不被支持的不完美的部件。这里纯粹是为了演示 autocomplete 定制功能。如需了解更多有关该部件工作原理的细节,请点击这里查看相关的 jQuery 文章。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 组合框(Combobox)</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .custom-combobox {
    position: relative;
    display: inline-block;
  }
  .custom-combobox-toggle {
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    bottom: 0;
    margin-left: -1px;
    padding: 0;
    /* 支持: IE7 */
    *height: 1.7em;
    *top: 0.1em;
  }
  .custom-combobox-input {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0.3em;
  }
  </style>
  <script>
  (function( $ ) {
    $.widget( "custom.combobox", {
      _create: function() {
        this.wrapper = $( "<span>" )
          .addClass( "custom-combobox" )
          .insertAfter( this.element );
 
        this.element.hide();
        this._createAutocomplete();
        this._createShowAllButton();
      },
 
      _createAutocomplete: function() {
        var selected = this.element.children( ":selected" ),
          value = selected.val() ? selected.text() : "";
 
        this.input = $( "<input>" )
          .appendTo( this.wrapper )
          .val( value )
          .attr( "title", "" )
          .addClass( "custom-combobox-input ui-widget ui-widget-content ui-state-default ui-corner-left" )
          .autocomplete({
            delay: 0,
            minLength: 0,
            source: $.proxy( this, "_source" )
          })
          .tooltip({
            tooltipClass: "ui-state-highlight"
          });
 
        this._on( this.input, {
          autocompleteselect: function( event, ui ) {
            ui.item.option.selected = true;
            this._trigger( "select", event, {
              item: ui.item.option
            });
          },
 
          autocompletechange: "_removeIfInvalid"
        });
      },
 
      _createShowAllButton: function() {
        var input = this.input,
          wasOpen = false;
 
        $( "<a>" )
          .attr( "tabIndex", -1 )
          .attr( "title", "Show All Items" )
          .tooltip()
          .appendTo( this.wrapper )
          .button({
            icons: {
              primary: "ui-icon-triangle-1-s"
            },
            text: false
          })
          .removeClass( "ui-corner-all" )
          .addClass( "custom-combobox-toggle ui-corner-right" )
          .mousedown(function() {
            wasOpen = input.autocomplete( "widget" ).is( ":visible" );
          })
          .click(function() {
            input.focus();
 
            // 如果已经可见则关闭
            if ( wasOpen ) {
              return;
            }
 
            // 传递空字符串作为搜索的值,显示所有的结果
            input.autocomplete( "search", "" );
          });
      },
 
      _source: function( request, response ) {
        var matcher = new RegExp( $.ui.autocomplete.escapeRegex(request.term), "i" );
        response( this.element.children( "option" ).map(function() {
          var text = $( this ).text();
          if ( this.value && ( !request.term || matcher.test(text) ) )
            return {
              label: text,
              value: text,
              option: this
            };
        }) );
      },
 
      _removeIfInvalid: function( event, ui ) {
 
        // 选择一项,不执行其他动作
        if ( ui.item ) {
          return;
        }
 
        // 搜索一个匹配(不区分大小写)
        var value = this.input.val(),
          valueLowerCase = value.toLowerCase(),
          valid = false;
        this.element.children( "option" ).each(function() {
          if ( $( this ).text().toLowerCase() === valueLowerCase ) {
            this.selected = valid = true;
            return false;
          }
        });
 
        // 找到一个匹配,不执行其他动作
        if ( valid ) {
          return;
        }
 
        // 移除无效的值
        this.input
          .val( "" )
          .attr( "title", value + " didn't match any item" )
          .tooltip( "open" );
        this.element.val( "" );
        this._delay(function() {
          this.input.tooltip( "close" ).attr( "title", "" );
        }, 2500 );
        this.input.data( "ui-autocomplete" ).term = "";
      },
 
      _destroy: function() {
        this.wrapper.remove();
        this.element.show();
      }
    });
  })( jQuery );
 
  $(function() {
    $( "#combobox" ).combobox();
    $( "#toggle" ).click(function() {
      $( "#combobox" ).toggle();
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label>您喜欢的编程语言:</label>
  <select id="combobox">
    <option value="">请选择...</option>
    <option value="ActionScript">ActionScript</option>
    <option value="AppleScript">AppleScript</option>
    <option value="Asp">Asp</option>
    <option value="BASIC">BASIC</option>
    <option value="C">C</option>
    <option value="C++">C++</option>
    <option value="Clojure">Clojure</option>
    <option value="COBOL">COBOL</option>
    <option value="ColdFusion">ColdFusion</option>
    <option value="Erlang">Erlang</option>
    <option value="Fortran">Fortran</option>
    <option value="Groovy">Groovy</option>
    <option value="Haskell">Haskell</option>
    <option value="Java">Java</option>
    <option value="JavaScript">JavaScript</option>
    <option value="Lisp">Lisp</option>
    <option value="Perl">Perl</option>
    <option value="PHP">PHP</option>
    <option value="Python">Python</option>
    <option value="Ruby">Ruby</option>
    <option value="Scala">Scala</option>
    <option value="Scheme">Scheme</option>
  </select>
</div>
<button id="toggle">显示基础的选择框</button>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

自定义数据并显示

您可以使用自定义数据格式,并通过简单地重载默认的聚焦和选择行为来显示数据。

尝试键入 "j",或者按向下箭头按键,即可得到一个项目列表。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 自定义数据并显示</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  #project-label {
    display: block;
    font-weight: bold;
    margin-bottom: 1em;
  }
  #project-icon {
    float: left;
    height: 32px;
    width: 32px;
  }
  #project-description {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
  }
  </style>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    var projects = [
      {
        value: "jquery",
        label: "jQuery",
        desc: "the write less, do more, JavaScript library",
        icon: "jquery_32x32.png"
      },
      {
        value: "jquery-ui",
        label: "jQuery UI",
        desc: "the official user interface library for jQuery",
        icon: "jqueryui_32x32.png"
      },
      {
        value: "sizzlejs",
        label: "Sizzle JS",
        desc: "a pure-JavaScript CSS selector engine",
        icon: "sizzlejs_32x32.png"
      }
    ];
 
    $( "#project" ).autocomplete({
      minLength: 0,
      source: projects,
      focus: function( event, ui ) {
        $( "#project" ).val( ui.item.label );
        return false;
      },
      select: function( event, ui ) {
        $( "#project" ).val( ui.item.label );
        $( "#project-id" ).val( ui.item.value );
        $( "#project-description" ).html( ui.item.desc );
        $( "#project-icon" ).attr( "src", "images/" + ui.item.icon );
 
        return false;
      }
    })
    .data( "ui-autocomplete" )._renderItem = function( ul, item ) {
      return $( "<li>" )
        .append( "<a>" + item.label + "<br>" + item.desc + "</a>" )
        .appendTo( ul );
    };
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div id="project-label">选择一个项目(请键入 "j"):</div>
<img id="project-icon" src="images/transparent_1x1.png" class="ui-state-default" alt="">
<input id="project">
<input type="hidden" id="project-id">
<p id="project-description"></p>
 
 
</body>
</html>

多个值

用法:键入一些字符,比如 "j",可以看到相关的编程语言结果。选择一个值,然后继续键入字符来添加其他的值。

本实例演示如何使用 source 选项和一些事件来实现在一个单一的文本域输入多个自动完成的值。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 多个值</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <script>
  $(function() {
    var availableTags = [
      "ActionScript",
      "AppleScript",
      "Asp",
      "BASIC",
      "C",
      "C++",
      "Clojure",
      "COBOL",
      "ColdFusion",
      "Erlang",
      "Fortran",
      "Groovy",
      "Haskell",
      "Java",
      "JavaScript",
      "Lisp",
      "Perl",
      "PHP",
      "Python",
      "Ruby",
      "Scala",
      "Scheme"
    ];
    function split( val ) {
      return val.split( /,\s*/ );
    }
    function extractLast( term ) {
      return split( term ).pop();
    }
 
    $( "#tags" )
      // 当选择一个条目时不离开文本域
      .bind( "keydown", function( event ) {
        if ( event.keyCode === $.ui.keyCode.TAB &&
            $( this ).data( "ui-autocomplete" ).menu.active ) {
          event.preventDefault();
        }
      })
      .autocomplete({
        minLength: 0,
        source: function( request, response ) {
          // 回到 autocomplete,但是提取最后的条目
          response( $.ui.autocomplete.filter(
            availableTags, extractLast( request.term ) ) );
        },
        focus: function() {
          // 防止在获得焦点时插入值
          return false;
        },
        select: function( event, ui ) {
          var terms = split( this.value );
          // 移除当前输入
          terms.pop();
          // 添加被选项
          terms.push( ui.item.value );
          // 添加占位符,在结尾添加逗号+空格
          terms.push( "" );
          this.value = terms.join( ", " );
          return false;
        }
      });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="tags">编程语言:</label>
  <input id="tags" size="50">
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

多个值,远程

用法:键入至少两个字符来获取鸟的名称。选择一个值,然后继续键入字符来添加其他的值。

本实例演示如何使用 source 选项和一些事件来实现在一个单一的文本域输入多个自动完成的值。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 多个值,远程</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .ui-autocomplete-loading {
    background: white url('images/ui-anim_basic_16x16.gif') right center no-repeat;
  }
  </style>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    function split( val ) {
      return val.split( /,\s*/ );
    }
    function extractLast( term ) {
      return split( term ).pop();
    }
 
    $( "#birds" )
      // 当选择一个条目时不离开文本域
      .bind( "keydown", function( event ) {
        if ( event.keyCode === $.ui.keyCode.TAB &&
            $( this ).data( "ui-autocomplete" ).menu.active ) {
          event.preventDefault();
        }
      })
      .autocomplete({
        source: function( request, response ) {
          $.getJSON( "search.php", {
            term: extractLast( request.term )
          }, response );
        },
        search: function() {
          // 自定义最小长度
          var term = extractLast( this.value );
          if ( term.length < 2 ) {
            return false;
          }
        },
        focus: function() {
          // 防止在获得焦点时插入值
          return false;
        },
        select: function( event, ui ) {
          var terms = split( this.value );
          // 移除当前输入
          terms.pop();
          // 添加被选项
          terms.push( ui.item.value );
          // 添加占位符,在结尾添加逗号+空格
          terms.push( "" );
          this.value = terms.join( ", " );
          return false;
        }
      });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="birds">鸟:</label>
  <input id="birds" size="50">
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

远程 JSONP 数据源

当您在文本域中键入字符时,Autocomplete 部件给出建议结果。在本实例中,当您在文本域中至少键入两个字符时,将显示相关城市的名称。

在本实例中,数据源是 geonames.org webservice。虽然选择一个元素后文本域中是该城市名称,但是会显示更多的信息以便找到正确的条目。数据也可以回调,显示在下面的结果框中。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 远程 JSONP 数据源</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .ui-autocomplete-loading {
    background: white url('images/ui-anim_basic_16x16.gif') right center no-repeat;
  }
  #city { width: 25em; }
  </style>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    function log( message ) {
      $( "<div>" ).text( message ).prependTo( "#log" );
      $( "#log" ).scrollTop( 0 );
    }
 
    $( "#city" ).autocomplete({
      source: function( request, response ) {
        $.ajax({
          url: "http://ws.geonames.org/searchJSON",
          dataType: "jsonp",
          data: {
            featureClass: "P",
            style: "full",
            maxRows: 12,
            name_startsWith: request.term
          },
          success: function( data ) {
            response( $.map( data.geonames, function( item ) {
              return {
                label: item.name + (item.adminName1 ? ", " + item.adminName1 : "") + ", " + item.countryName,
                value: item.name
              }
            }));
          }
        });
      },
      minLength: 2,
      select: function( event, ui ) {
        log( ui.item ?
          "Selected: " + ui.item.label :
          "Nothing selected, input was " + this.value);
      },
      open: function() {
        $( this ).removeClass( "ui-corner-all" ).addClass( "ui-corner-top" );
      },
      close: function() {
        $( this ).removeClass( "ui-corner-top" ).addClass( "ui-corner-all" );
      }
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="city">您的城市:</label>
  <input id="city">
  Powered by <a href="http://geonames.org" target="_blank">geonames.org</a>
</div>
 
<div class="ui-widget" style="margin-top:2em; font-family:Arial">
  结果:
  <div id="log" style="height: 200px; width: 300px; overflow: auto;" class="ui-widget-content"></div>
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

远程数据源

当您在文本域中键入字符时,Autocomplete 部件给出建议结果。在本实例中,当您在文本域中至少键入两个字符时,将显示相关鸟的名称。

在本实例中,数据源是可返回 JSON 数据的服务器端脚本,通过一个简单的 source 选项来指定。另外,minLength 选项设置为 2,避免查询返回太多的结果,select 事件用于显示一些反馈。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 远程数据源</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .ui-autocomplete-loading {
    background: white url('images/ui-anim_basic_16x16.gif') right center no-repeat;
  }
  </style>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    function log( message ) {
      $( "<div>" ).text( message ).prependTo( "#log" );
      $( "#log" ).scrollTop( 0 );
    }
 
    $( "#birds" ).autocomplete({
      source: "search.php",
      minLength: 2,
      select: function( event, ui ) {
        log( ui.item ?
          "Selected: " + ui.item.value + " aka " + ui.item.id :
          "Nothing selected, input was " + this.value );
      }
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="birds">鸟:</label>
  <input id="birds">
</div>
 
<div class="ui-widget" style="margin-top:2em; font-family:Arial">
  结果:
  <div id="log" style="height: 200px; width: 300px; overflow: auto;" class="ui-widget-content"></div>
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

远程缓存

当您在文本域中键入字符时,Autocomplete 部件给出建议结果。在本实例中,当您在文本域中至少键入两个字符时,将显示相关鸟的名称。

为了提高性能,这里添加了一些本地缓存,其他与远程数据源实例相似。在这里,缓存只保存了一个查询,并可以扩展到缓存多个值,每个条目一个值。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 远程缓存</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .ui-autocomplete-loading {
    background: white url('images/ui-anim_basic_16x16.gif') right center no-repeat;
  }
  </style>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    var cache = {};
    $( "#birds" ).autocomplete({
      minLength: 2,
      source: function( request, response ) {
        var term = request.term;
        if ( term in cache ) {
          response( cache[ term ] );
          return;
        }
 
        $.getJSON( "search.php", request, function( data, status, xhr ) {
          cache[ term ] = data;
          response( data );
        });
      }
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="birds">鸟:</label>
  <input id="birds">
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

可滚动的结果

当显示一个长列表的选项时,您可以简单地为 autocomplete 菜单设置 max-height 来防止菜单显示太长。尝试键入 "a" 或 "s" 来获得一个可滚动的长列表的结果。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - 可滚动的结果</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .ui-autocomplete {
    max-height: 100px;
    overflow-y: auto;
    /* 防止水平滚动条 */
    overflow-x: hidden;
  }
  /* IE 6 不支持 max-height
   * 我们使用 height 代替,但是这会强制菜单总是显示为那个高度
   */
  * html .ui-autocomplete {
    height: 100px;
  }
  </style>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    var availableTags = [
      "ActionScript",
      "AppleScript",
      "Asp",
      "BASIC",
      "C",
      "C++",
      "Clojure",
      "COBOL",
      "ColdFusion",
      "Erlang",
      "Fortran",
      "Groovy",
      "Haskell",
      "Java",
      "JavaScript",
      "Lisp",
      "Perl",
      "PHP",
      "Python",
      "Ruby",
      "Scala",
      "Scheme"
    ];
    $( "#tags" ).autocomplete({
      source: availableTags
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="tags">标签:</label>
  <input id="tags">
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示

XML 数据

本实例演示如何获取一些 XML 数据,并使用 jQuery 的方法解析它,然后把它提供给 autocomplete 作为数据源。

本实例也可作为解析远程 XML 数据源的参考 - 解析在每次 source 回调请求时发生。

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>jQuery UI 自动完成(Autocomplete) - XML 数据</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css">
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://learn.jser.com//code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.4/jquery-ui.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://jqueryui.com/resources/demos/style.css">
  <style>
  .ui-autocomplete-loading { background: white url('images/ui-anim_basic_16x16.gif') right center no-repeat; }
  </style>
  <script>
  $(function() {
    function log( message ) {
      $( "<div/>" ).text( message ).prependTo( "#log" );
      $( "#log" ).attr( "scrollTop", 0 );
    }
 
    $.ajax({
      url: "london.xml",
      dataType: "xml",
      success: function( xmlResponse ) {
        var data = $( "geoname", xmlResponse ).map(function() {
          return {
            value: $( "name", this ).text() + ", " +
              ( $.trim( $( "countryName", this ).text() ) || "(unknown country)" ),
            id: $( "geonameId", this ).text()
          };
        }).get();
        $( "#birds" ).autocomplete({
          source: data,
          minLength: 0,
          select: function( event, ui ) {
            log( ui.item ?
              "Selected: " + ui.item.value + ", geonameId: " + ui.item.id :
              "Nothing selected, input was " + this.value );
          }
        });
      }
    });
  });
  </script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="birds">London 匹配:</label>
  <input id="birds">
</div>
 
<div class="ui-widget" style="margin-top:2em; font-family:Arial">
  结果:
  <div id="log" style="height: 200px; width: 300px; overflow: auto;" class="ui-widget-content"></div>
</div>
 
 
</body>
</html>

查看演示